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Westmount’s Trees
and Their Stories /7

The Box Elders of Westmount Park

By Michael Walsh

He saw the kind of beauty yellow flowers have growing over a carpet of dead leaves. The beauty of cracks forming a mosaic in a dry riverbed… The beauty of a window smudged with tiny prints, the beauty of wild weeds.

Michelle Cuevas, Beyond the Laughing Sky

During the past week Westmount has experienced a return of summer weather. Westmount Park is a perfect location to enjoy this type of weather. Old growth trees with huge canopies, walking paths, acres of lawns and lagoons, collectively entices one to spend a quiet afternoon with a good book.

Hosta - WestmountMag.caMy preferences are the secluded areas; in particular, the one adjacent to the remnants of shuffleboard and chess play areas. It’s an area bordered with Bur Oaks and a large, mainly neglected, raised planter. At one point it was filled with shrubs and flowers that added to the colours and beauty of the park. Today, large borders of Hosta give evidence of the prior attempts to maintain this area. However, looking closer at this largely overgrown area there is evidence of what was planted many years ago.

Box Elders - WestmountMag.caThere is a unique beauty in neglected gardens – filled with birds feeding on the shrubs’ berries – one can appreciate the variety of plants that, over time, made this area their home.

The majority of the area is comprised of Box Elders (Acer negundo), also known as Maple Ash, Black Ash, Cut-leaved Maple and Manitoba Maple. The species has a soft and lightweight wood that was used in the manufacture of boxes – hence, the name’s derivation.

The species are identified by their compound leaves comprised of three to nine leaflets. Each leaflet contains notches, which gives appearance of being “coarsely toothed”.

Box Elders - WestmountMag.caThe trees are native to the North American prairies and are found in moist soils that border bodies of water such as streams and lakes. It was first cultivated in England, in the 1600s, by Henry Compton, the Bishop of London. (Amongst his Episcopalian career – he was also a well-known Botanist.)

Interestingly, these trees can be tapped and syrup made from the sap. “It kind of tastes like marshmallows,” according to Noreen Thomas, an organic farmer who taps several Box Elder trees in the spring.

Red Osier Dogwood - WestmountMag.caAmongst the Box Elders are bushes of Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea) also known as Red Willow. Comprising a distinctive red bark (with a white pith), veined leaves and clusters of white berries – they are easy to identify. The species is native to North-Western Ontario where it is common along the sides of roads. The stems were used by First Nation Peoples to make baskets and produce a red dye.

First Nation People used the inner bark in tobacco mixtures used in sacred pipe ceremonies. The berries were collected and, when dried, made into cakes. The stems were used to make baskets and mixed with other materials to make red or black dyes.

Finally, a Cherokee legend tells the story of tiny people living amongst the dogwoods. Known as “dogwood people” they were sent to teach the virtues of living in harmony with nature. They also protected babies as well as the elderly.

There is a unique beauty in neglected gardens – filled with birds feeding on the shrubs’ berries – one can appreciate the variety of plants that, over time, made this area their home.

Meadow Parsnip - WestmountMag.caA last look through the large planters reveals a rare woodland plant – a Meadow Parsnip, from the Apiaceae (carrot) family. With its oval leaves and tiny yellow flowers – it seems quite out of place in a city park.

However, collectively, these plants add to the beauty of a quiet secluded area of Westmount Park.

Feature image: Andrew Burlone
All other images: Michael Walsh

Bouton S'inscrire à l'infolettre – WestmountMag.caRead also:
Westmount’s Trees and Their Stories /1
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Westmount’s Trees and Their Stories /6


Michael Walsh with Giada - WestmountMag.ca

Michael Walsh is a long-time Westmount resident. He enjoys walking with the family’s Saint Bernard while photographing the beauty and hidden history of Westmount through his blog at Westmount Overlooked.

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