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Maintaining a healthy
and successful career

Let’s look at the concept of burnout and how to avoid its consequences

By Angela Civitella

What is burnout?

Two important definitions of burnout are:

A state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion caused by long-term involvement in emotionally demanding situations.

– Ayala Pines and Elliot Aronson

‘A state of fatigue or frustration brought about by devotion to a cause, way of life, or relationship that failed to produce the expected reward.’

– Herbert J. Freudenberger

Between them, these definitions embrace the essence of burnout, with the first stressing the part that exhaustion plays in it, and the second focusing on the sense of disillusionment that is at its core.

Anyone can become exhausted. What is so poignant about burnout is that it mainly strikes people who are highly committed to their work: you can only “burn out” if you have been “alight” in the first place.

While exhaustion can be overcome with rest, a core part of burnout is a deep sense of disillusionment, and it is not experienced by people who can take a more cynical view of their work.

Specific symptoms of burnout include:

  • Having a negative and critical attitude at work
  • Dreading going into work, and wanting to leave once you’re there
  • Having low energy, and little interest at work
  • Having trouble sleeping
  • Being absent from work a lot
  • Having feelings of emptiness
  • Experiencing physical complaints such as headaches, illness, or backache
  • Being irritated easily by team members or clients
  • Having thoughts that your work doesn’t have meaning or make a difference
  • Pulling away emotionally from your colleagues or clients
  • Feeling that your work and contribution goes unrecognized
  • Blaming others for your mistakes
  • Thinking of quitting work, or changing roles
  • Stress and burnout

So, what’s the difference between stress and burnout? Although the two share some characteristics, there are distinct differences.

Stress is often relatively short-term, and it is often caused by a feeling that work is out of control. You might experience stress several days in a row, especially when you’re working on a large project or under a tight deadline.

‘… a core part of burnout is a deep sense of disillusionment, and it is not experienced by people who can take a more cynical view of their work.’

However, once the situation changes, stress often lessens or disappears entirely. (Stress can affect you over the longer term, however, if you’re consistently experiencing these things.)

Burnout often takes place over a longer period. You might experience it if you believe your work is meaningless; when there’s a disconnect between what you’re currently doing and what you truly want to be doing; or when things change for the worse – for example, when you lose a supportive boss, or when your workload increases beyond a sustainable point.

You go through “the motions” instead of being truly engaged. Over time, this leads to cynicism, exhaustion, and, sometimes, poor performance.

Causes of burnout

People experience burnout for a variety of reasons.

‘Another common cause is when your values don’t align with the actions, behaviours, or values of your organization, or of your role.’

Lack of autonomy is a common cause, so you might experience burnout if you don’t have much control over your work, or if you feel that you never have enough time to finish tasks and projects.

Another common cause is when your values don’t align with the actions, behaviours, or values of your organization, or of your role.

Other causes include:

  • Having unclear goals or job expectations
  • Working in a dysfunctional team or organization
  • Experiencing an excessive workload
  • Having little or no support from your boss or organization
  • Lacking recognition for your work
  • Having monotonous or low-stimulation work

‘Career burnout can also spill over into your personal life, negatively impacting your wellbeing and your relationships with friends and family.’

Consequences of burnout

Clearly, the consequences of burnout can be severe. Your productivity can drop dramatically, and this not only impacts your career, but it negatively impacts your team and organization as well. Your creativity will also be affected, so you’re less likely to spot opportunities (and you don’t have the interest or desire to act on them), and you may find excuses to miss work or take days off sick.

Career burnout can also spill over into your personal life, negatively impacting your wellbeing and your relationships with friends and family.

How to avoid burnout

When feelings of burnout start to occur, many people focus on short-term solutions such as taking a vacation. While this can certainly help, the relief is often only temporary. You also need to focus on strategies that will have a deeper impact, and create lasting change.

Let’s look at specific strategies that you can use to avoid burnout:

1. Work with purpose
Do you feel that your career has a deeper purpose, other than just earning a paycheck? Most of the time, rediscovering your purpose can go a long way towards helping you avoid burnout and keeping stress at bay. Look at the deeper impact of what you do every day; how does your work make life better for other people? How could you add more meaning to what you do every day?

‘… rediscovering your purpose can go a long way towards helping you avoid burnout and keeping stress at bay.’

2. Perform a job analysis
When you experience work overload day in and day out, you can start to feel as if you’re on a treadmill and that you’ll never catch up. This is demoralizing, stressful, and often leads to burnout. If you feel that your boss is assigning more work than you can handle, then schedule a private meeting to discuss the issue. Let him or her know that your excessive workload is leading to burnout. Come prepared with some options that could be considered for shifting certain tasks or projects to someone else.

3. “Give” to others
One quick and easy way to add meaning to your career is to give to others or to help them in small ways. When you do this, it makes you feel good. Even the smallest act of kindness can re-energize you and help you find meaning in your work.

4. Take control
You can avoid or overcome burnout by finding ways to create more autonomy in your role. Try talking with your boss to see if he is willing to let you have more control over your tasks, projects, or deadlines.

‘When not managed well, short-term stress can contribute to burnout. This is why you should learn how to manage stress effectively.’

5. Exercise regularly
Exercise can help alleviate stress and create a sense of wellbeing. You will also experience increased energy and productivity when you exercise regularly.

6. Learn to manage stress
When not managed well, short-term stress can contribute to burnout. This is why you should learn how to manage stress effectively. Here are several strategies that you can use to cope with stress. For instance, you could keep a stress diary to document what routinely causes you stress. You can also manage the way you think – this can contribute to stress. By monitoring your thoughts and practicing positive thinking you can change unhelpful reactions and manage your emotions through a stressful situation.

Key points

Burnout is a mixture of professional exhaustion and disillusionment with other people, the organization, or your career over the long term. Symptoms of burnout include low energy, a loss of interest in your work, and irritability with colleagues or team members. As such, it can cause low productivity, high absenteeism, low creativity, and even health problems.

‘Burnout is a mixture of professional exhaustion, and disillusionment with other people, the organization, or the career, over the long term.’

To avoid burnout, follow these tips:

  • Work with purpose
  • Perform a job analysis, and eliminate or delegate unnecessary work
  • Give to others
  • Take control, and actively manage your time
  • Get more exercise
  • Learn how to manage stress

Remember, if, at any time, stress and burnout are causing you to worry about your health, seek the advice of an appropriate health professional.

Image: energepic.com from Pexels

Bouton S'inscrire à l'infolettre – WestmountMag.caRead other articles by Angela Civitella


Angela Civitella - WestmountMag.ca

Angela Civitella, a certified management business coach with more than 20 years of proven ability as a negotiator, strategist, and problem-solver creates sound and solid synergies with those in quest of improving their leadership and team building skills. You can reach Angela at 514 254-2400 • linkedin.com/in/angelacivitella/ • intinde.com@intinde


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